CCNA NAT SIM Question
You are tasked to configure Internet access on a router. The ISP has provided the company six public IP addresses of 198.18.184.105 198.18.184.110. The company has 14 hosts that need to access the internet simultaneously. The hosts in the company LAN have been assigned private space addresses in the range of 192.168.100.17 – 192.168.100.30.
The following have already been configured on the router：
– Router basic configuration
+ Use NAT to provide Internet access to all hosts in the company LAN.
+ Name the router TUT
+ Inside global addresses: 198.18.184.105 198.18.184.110/29
+ Inside local addresses: 192.168.100.17 – 192.168.100.30/28
+ Numer of inside hosts: 14
Note: If you are not sure how NAT & PAT work, please read my Network Address Translation NAT Tutorial. You can download this sim to practice here: http://www.9tut.com/download/9tut.com_CCNA_NAT_sim_question.zip
The CCNA Training company has 14 hosts that need to access the internet simultaneously but we just have 6 public IP addresses from 198.18.184.105 to 198.18.184.110/29. Therefore we have to use NAT overload (or PAT)
Double click on the TUT router to open it
First you should change the router’s name to TUT
Create a NAT pool of global addresses to be allocated with their netmask (/29 = 255.255.255.248). There were reports that the simulator in the real exam did not accept “prefix-length” keryword so you should use “netmask” keyword.
TUT(config)#ip nat pool mypool 198.18.184.105 198.18.184.110 netmask 255.255.255.248
Create a standard access control list that permits the addresses that are to be translated
TUT(config)#access-list 1 permit 192.168.100.16 0.0.0.15
Establish dynamic source translation, specifying the access list that was defined in the prior step
TUT(config)#ip nat inside source list 1 pool mypool overload
This command translates all source addresses that pass access list 1, which means a source address from 192.168.100.17 to 192.168.100.30, into an address from the pool named mypool (the pool contains addresses from 198.18.184.105 to 198.18.184.110)
Overload keyword allows to map multiple IP addresses to a single registered IP address (many-to-one) by using different ports
The question said that appropriate interfaces have been configured for NAT inside and NAT outside statements.
This is how to configure the NAT inside and NAT outside, just for your understanding:
TUT(config-if)#ip nat inside
TUT(config-if)#ip nat outside
Finally, we should save all your work with the following command:
TUT#copy running-config startup-config
Check your configuration by going to “Host for testing” and type:
The ping should work well and you will be replied from 192.0.2.114
Other lab-sims on this site: