Home > CCNA – Syslog Questions

CCNA – Syslog Questions

March 25th, 2015 Go to comments

If you are not sure about Syslog, please read our Syslog tutorial.

Question 1

Explanation

By default, switches send the output from system messages and debug privileged EXEC commands to a logging process. The logging process controls the distribution of logging messages to various destinations, such as the logging buffer (on RAM), terminal lines (console terminal), or a UNIX syslog server, depending on your configuration. The process also sends messages to the console.

(Reference: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/switches/lan/catalyst2950/software/release/12.1_9_ea1/configuration/guide/swlog.html#wp1024032)

Note: Syslog messages can be written to a file in Flash memory although it is not a popular place to use. We can configure this feature with the command logging file flash:filename.

Question 2

Explanation

The Message Logging is divided into 8 levels as listed below:

Level Keyword Description
0 emergencies System is unusable
1 alerts Immediate action is needed
2 critical Critical conditions exist
3 errors Error conditions exist
4 warnings Warning conditions exist
5 notification Normal, but significant, conditions exist
6 informational Informational messages
7 debugging Debugging messages

The highest level is level 0 (emergencies). The lowest level is level 7. If you specify a level with the “logging console level” command, that level and all the higher levels will be displayed. For example, by using the “logging console warnings” command, all the logging of emergencies, alerts, critical, errors, warnings will be displayed.

In this question level 3 trap is configured so Emergencies, Alerts, critical and Errors messages are displayed. Although this question only requires to choose 3 correct answers but maybe something is missing here.

Question 3

Question 4

Explanation

The “service timestamps debug” command configures the system to apply a time stamp to debugging messages. The time-stamp format for datetime is MMM DD HH:MM:SS, where MMM is the month, DD is the date, HH is the hour (in 24-hour notation), MM is the minute, and SS is the second. With the additional keyword msec, the system includes milliseconds in the time stamp, in the format HH:DD:MM:SS.mmm, where .mmm is milliseconds

(Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/fundamentals/command/reference/cf_book/cf_r1.html#wp1030116)

Question 5

Question 6

Explanation

The Message Logging is divided into 8 levels as listed below:

Level Keyword Description
0 emergencies System is unusable
1 alerts Immediate action is needed
2 critical Critical conditions exist
3 errors Error conditions exist
4 warnings Warning conditions exist
5 notification Normal, but significant, conditions exist
6 informational Informational messages
7 debugging Debugging messages

If you specify a level with the “logging trap level” command, that level and all the higher levels will be logged. For example, by using the “logging trap 4” command, all the logging of emergencies, alerts, critical, errors, warnings will be logged.

Question 7

Comments (50) Comments
Comment pages
1 2 3 4 2095
  1. atiye
    March 21st, 2015

    Q1 & 5 today

  2. Peter
    March 26th, 2015

    Q4, Q5

  3. Samuel Maleka
    March 28th, 2015

    How long is the final Real CCNA- exam. I mean the certification exam?

  4. Ahmed
    March 29th, 2015

    to remeber syslog level
    0 Emergency keep in mind
    then
    ace
    wind
    normaly notification(N) is last
    but it may help.

  5. Samuel
    March 30th, 2015

    2 Hours

  6. Anonymous
    April 5th, 2015

    @Ahmed
    How abt DINWECA EM
    7 0

  7. Karim M Bana
    April 7th, 2015

    q4,q7.

  8. shoogn
    April 16th, 2015

    In Qu1
    Nonconsole or console just without non

  9. SaedAdi
    April 17th, 2015

    Q3

  10. andrew
    April 20th, 2015

    Q3

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    April 22nd, 2015

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  22. Me
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    For data collection only: None of this sections questions appeared on my exam today, however, all but one question on the exam WAS listed here on 9tut. Got 1000 so answers are good. (labs: ACL and EIGRP – 2 friends before me stated NAT as well.)

    Would also like to note a question I did not see on 9tut. Fairly basic, but worth note. Not verbatim or course, but: How is a private address handled if it is placed on an ISP WAN interface. A: (although strictly not true) Private addresses can not be routed on the public internet backbone (or something to that effect).

    As an aside, I had a good handle on this material coming in. If you don’t know the material already, memorizing the test questions only hurts everyone.

  23. Questions Today
    June 24th, 2015

    Q5 was in exam. Praise The Lord and thnx 9tut passed on 24th june 986/1000.
    Some new questions to be observed:
    What will happen if a private IP address is assigned to a public interface connected to an ISP?
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  25. Niel
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    Hi 9tut! i would just like to ask a questions are questions here are all up to date? are they all updated weekly? are they updated from time to time?

  26. Dani
    October 11th, 2015

    Why the default severity level for syslog server is level 7 ??
    Whereas cisco says that “Be default, syslog servers receive informational messages and lower”
    means level 6 and lower

    Please help

  27. Sainj
    October 21st, 2015

    How can i configure Cisco 2500 series wireless controller to enable log(including websites and user’s full details) in syslog ?

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  29. ze
    December 11th, 2015

    [WRONG]Please update q4: answer D —service timestamps log datetime [msec] [localtime] [show-timezone]

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  35. Luca Urru
    April 14th, 2016

    By default, Cisco IOS devices, CatOS switches, and VPN 3000 Concentrators use facility local7 while Cisco PIX Firewalls use local4 to send syslog messages. Moreover, most Cisco devices provide options to change the facility level from their default value.

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  41. Danny
    August 5th, 2016

    Hi Guys

    Q-4:::What is the default Syslog facility level?
    A. local4
    B. local5
    C. local6
    D. local7

    correct answer is D whereas in tutorial its mentioned that the default facility level is 6??

  42. Mrjoe
    August 6th, 2016

    Hey Danny,
    same problem here
    I think it has to be level 6, so “C” is right.
    If you ever tried the configure a cisco router with the debugging comand on, you will see that the notfication on the console line are very annoying. So it has to be level 6.
    And in that article they say level 6 too.
    http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=426638&seqNum=3

  43. Ron
    August 6th, 2016

    Hello Mrjoe and Danny,

    its about the Syslog facility level not the Severity level :
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syslog

    So Answer D is right “local7”

  44. Danny
    August 11th, 2016

    Ron
    yeah noticed it already Thanks

    By the way whats the difference??

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