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CCNA VTP SIM Question

February 21st, 2014 Go to comments

Question

Refer to the topology below, you are only allowed to access the CLI of Sw-AC3 to answer some questions. This does not require any configuration.

VTP_Lab_Sim_Topology

You can download this sim to practice here (but notice that this sim is not perfect, only for practicing purpose): http://www.9tut.com/download/9tut.com_CCNA_vtp_sim.pka

If you are not sure about VTP, please read my VTP Tutorial

Question 1

Explanation

To find out which interface associated with a given MAC address, use the show mac address-table command. It shows the learned MAC addresses and their associated interfaces. After entering this command, you will see a MAC address table like this:

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_1

From this table we can figure out that the MAC address 0010.5a0c.ffba is associated with interface Fa0/8.

Note: There are some reports that the “show mac-address-table” command does not exist. So if you cannot use the “show mac-address-table” command then try using the “show mac address-table” (without “-“) instead.

Question 2

Explanation

Use the show interface trunk command to determine the trunking status of a link and VLAN status. This command lists port, its mode, encapsulation and whether it is trunking. The image below shows how it works:

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_2

(This image is used for demonstration only)

Question 3

Explanation

VLAN-R1 is the router directly connected to Sw-Ac3 switch, so we can use the show cdp neighbors command to see:

1. Neighbor Device ID : The name of the neighbor device;

2. Local Interface : The interface to which this neighbor is heard

3. Capability: Capability of this neighboring device – R for router, S for switch, H for Host etc.

4. Platform: Which type of device the neighbor is

5. Port ID: The interface of the remote neighbor you receive CDP information

6. Holdtime: Decremental hold time in seconds

Sample output of show cdp neighbors command:

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_3_2

One thing I want to notice you is “Local Intrfce” in the image above refers to the local interface on the device you are running the “show cdp neighbors” command

Question 4

Explanation

First we use the show spanning-tree vlan 1 to view the spanning-tree information of VLAN 1

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_4

From the “Cost 19”, we learn that the root switch is directly connected to the Sw-Ac3 switch over a 100Mbps Ethernet link

Notice that if you see all of the interface roles are Desg (designated) then you can confirm Sw-Ac3 switch is the root bridge for this VLAN (VLAN 1).

If you see there is at least one Root port in the interface roles then you can confirm Sw-Ac3 is not the root bridge because root bridge does not have root port. In this case, we notice that the root port on Sw-Ac3 switch is FastEthernet0/12, so we have to figure out which switch is associated with this port -> it is the root bridge. You can verify it with the show cdp neighbors command:

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_4_2

The “Local Intrfce” column refers to the interface on the switch running “show cdp neighbors” command. In this case, Sw-DS1 is associated with interface FastEthernet0/12 -> Sw-DS1 is the root bridge

Question 5

Explanation

First we have to identify which VLAN interface Fa0/4 belongs to by the show vlan command

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_4_show_vlan

From the exhibit we know that VLAN 44 is configured on router using sub-interface Fa0/0.44 with IP address 192.168.44.254/24

VTP_Lab_Sim_Topology_vlan44.jpg

Therefore the default gateway of the host should be 192.168.44.254

Question 6

Explanation

To view the VTP configuration information, use the show vtp status command

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_4_show_vtp_status

So we knew Sw-Ac3 received VLAN information from 163.5.8.3 (notice:the IP address may be different). Finally we use the show cdp neighbors detail to find out who 163.5.8.3 is:

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_4_show_cdp_neighbors_detail

Note: If in the exam you find that “Configuration last modified by 0.0.0.0” then “0.0.0.0” here indicates it does not receive VLAN information from anyone -> Sw-Ac3 is also the local updater. Therefore the answer in this case is Sw-Ac3.

Question 7

Answer and Explanation

First we should view the VTP configuration of switch Sw-Ac3 by using the show vtp status command on Sw-Ac3

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_7_new_switch_answer_2

Notice that its configuration revision number is 5 and VTP Domain Name is home-office

Next, from the exhibit we know that SwX has a revision number of 6, which is greater than that of Sw-Ac3 switch, and both of them have same VTP Domain Name called “home-office”.

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_7_new_switch_answer_1

Therefore SwX will replace vlan information on other switches with its own information. We should check vlan information of Sw-Ac3 switch with show vlan command

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_7_new_switch_answer_3

So the correct answer is D – The VLANs Servers, Management, Production and no-where will be removed from existing switches

Please notice that in the real CCNA exam you may see a different configuration revision of Sw-Ac3 or of SwX. In general, which switch has a higher revision number it will become the updater and other switches will overwrite their current databases with the new information received from the updater (provided that they are on the same domain and that switch is not in transparent mode). In particular, if the revision number of SwX is lower than that of Sw-Ac3, the answer should be “C – The VLANs Servers, Management, Production and no-where will replace the VLANs on SwX”.

Also, some recent comments have said that the new switch’s VTP Operating Mode is Server but the answer is still the same.

Note: If a switch is in client mode and has a higher Revision number, it can still update other Server switches (with lower Revision numbers).

Question 8

Explanation

First we check to see which ports the source mac-address and the destination mac-address belong to by using show mac address-table command

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_8_1

We notice that the source mac-address 0010.5a0c.fd86 is listed in the table and it belongs to Vlan 33 but we can’t find the destination mac-address 000a.8a47.e612 in this table. In this case, the switch will flood to all ports of Vlan 33 and flood to all the trunk links, except the port it received this frame (port Fa0/6). Therefore from the output above, we can figure out it will flood this frame to Fa0/1, Fa0/3 and Fa0/12.

Please notice that the “show mac-address-table” command just lists information that was learned by the switch, it means that there can be other ports besides Fa0/1, Fa0/3 and Fa0/12 belong to Vlan 33. You can use the show vlan command to see which ports belong to vlan 33

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_8_2

And we found other ports which belong to vlan 33, they are Fa0/2, Fa0/5 and Fa0/7. Our switch will flood the frame to these ports, too.

And we can check which trunk ports will receive this frame by the show interface trunk command

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_8_3

-> Port Fa0/9 will also receive this frame!

Note: Some reports said there is another version of this question. A reader on 9tut commented:

Another question on the VTP SIM was” What will be the destination MAC address of a packet with Source IP address 192.168.44.1 and destination IP address 192.0.2.X (doesn’t really matter what will be the Dest. IP address, since it will be sent to the router).
The answer is simple:
Since the source IP address belongs to VLAN 44, the default gw of the sender is the Router’s Subinterface 192.168.44.254, and this is where the packet will be sent. Thus, you need to perform a ‘show cdp nei’ on the Sw-AC3 in order to find the local FastEthernet port where the router is connected. Then execute a “show mac address-table” (this command was functioning) and find the mac address associated with the previous port. This is the answer.

Question 9

Answer and Explanation:

Because the destination address is not on the same subnet with the switch, it will forward the packet to its default gateway. So we have to find out who is the default gateway of this switch by using the show running-config command

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_9_1

From the output, we notice that its default-gateway is 192.168.1.254. In fact, we can easily guess that its default gateway should be a layer 3 device like a router; and in this case, the VLAN-R1 router. To verify our theory, use the show cdp neighbor detail command and focus on the description of VLAN-R1 router

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_9_2

From this output, we can confirm the switch’s default gateway is VLAN-R1 router (with the IP address of 192.168.1.254). And “the interface: FastEthernet0/3” tells us that the switch is connected to VLAN-R1 router through Fa0/3 port (Fa0/3 is the port on the switch).

Finally we just need to use the show mac-address-table command to find out which MAC address is associated with this interface

ccna_vtp_sim_answer_9_3

And we find out the corresponding MAC address is 000a.b7e9.8360. Although there are some entries of port Fa0/3 with different Vlans but they have the same MAC address

Other lab-sims on this site:

CCNA Access List Sim

CCNA Access List Sim 2

CCNA NAT SIM Question 1

CCNA NAT SIM Question 2

CCNA Frame Relay Sim

CCNA Configuration SIM Question (RIPv2 SIM)

CCNA EIGRP LAB

Comments
Comment pages
1 38 39 40 43
  1. jeff
    December 31st, 2015

    I’ve Scheduled My CCNA Exam On 10 January, 2016. Please Tell Me If These Dumps Will Remain Valid…?

  2. akbar
    January 4th, 2016

    which dumps are valid 316 or 405?? please inform me i will take exam in 2nd week..Thank you

  3. azim
    January 4th, 2016

    Jeff+Akbar: When you guys planing to give exam, I am planing for 3rd week

  4. jeff
    January 5th, 2016

    Just Passed My Exam Today With 980/1000 Marks. Labs Of OSPF Questionere, EIGRP Questionere, ACL 1 & ACL Questionere Were Modified…

    Anyone Need Dumps, Open This Link.

    https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B8yv5UOi_4K4flYxWDU1eGhudEtEMVVZbmxOMXB6d1JFQXpiZVhDSV9QRXZEcDJVSU5nWWM&usp=sharing_eid&ts=5659a7b0

    Thanx 9TUT

  5. samy
    January 10th, 2016

    Can anyone provide the questions for VTP Sim ??

  6. ATR
    January 14th, 2016

    can somebody post the changes in OSPF lab pls?

  7. maya
    January 17th, 2016

    pls add the questions also

  8. Ikram
    January 19th, 2016

    Anyone got the Questions of these answers please?

  9. Aflah
    January 20th, 2016

    can any one post the modified questions ?

  10. sanka
    January 23rd, 2016

    pls explain above VTP SIM Question.

  11. Rana
    January 26th, 2016

    I dont think that vtp simulations are in v25 (364 Questions). This may be in old exam.
    Can anyone confirm?

  12. Arrernlef
    March 4th, 2016

    It really is mostly very difficult to view well-aware specific on this location, but you come across as just like you fully understand the points you’re talking about! Regards

  13. Arrernlef
    March 8th, 2016

    Way great! Some incredibly valid points! I we appreciate you you publishing this article also rest of the site is also top notch.

  14. abin
    March 21st, 2016

    where can i download lab simulation questions

  15. thomas
    March 21st, 2016

    impossible to download ..

  16. Johnny Chimpo
    March 27th, 2016

    On this VTP question I notice here in your answer you do a sh run command and it shows you a default gateway, but in the actual packet tracer you have made here it doesn’t have a default gateway set. My only other comment is on question 5, everything is good but the packet tracer (at least to my knowledge) does not have that list of ip’s you reference in your answer. Otherwise all else looks great, thank you for your great simulations, I am taking test Thurs. if I pass it’ll be because of your material.

  17. mirko
    March 31st, 2016

    in question 8 sw havent set defaul gateway………………………..confirm you? sw acl3 without default gat

  18. Vin
    March 31st, 2016

    Anyone get this lab on exam last time? Never seen mention about this lab. (sorry for my en)

  19. Huseyin
    April 11th, 2016
  20. Anonymous
    April 18th, 2016

    On the question #9

    I think the default gateway of the switch has nothing to do with the direction of the packet/frame, the packet will just go the the default gateway of the host which is connected to the fa0/3.

  21. MIDHUN T ,hcl ,BANGALORE
    April 18th, 2016

    CCNA CERTIFIED … ON 17-APR-2016 , I GOT 961 OUT OF 1000… 2 HRS – 40 QUESTIONS

    BOTH EIGRP TROUBLESHOOTINGS….

    ACL 1 AND ACL 2 MOD 3 (FOR ME HOST B WANT TO ACCESS THE FINANCE SERVER )

    OSPF SAME

    THEN ALL THE OTHER QUESTIONS FROM DUMBS…..

    https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6UiSv1T2LO5R2w4bjZXVUwyX0U

    USE THIS 100% PASS GUARANTEED :)

  22. Shaikh Faseeh
    April 26th, 2016

    Dear Midhun,
    please contact me at facebook.
    i have sent you several msges.
    please Midhun….

    Thanks & regards;

    Shaikh Faseeh.

  23. love leo
    April 29th, 2016

    Hi,
    Has anybody seen VTP sims in recent exams ?

  24. Anonymous
    May 21st, 2016

    hi i need dump for my exam

  25. ahad
    May 24th, 2016

    it doesn’t show router type with show cdp neighbor command
    it doesn’t show the default gateway
    and m getting different mac addr on sw-ac3

  26. El puto amo
    June 1st, 2016

    If the “last modified by” value is 0.0.0.0 in the actual switch, it is not necessary the “local updater”. If the vtp server does not have a management IP defined, the value will not be propagated and there is no way to assume a local update.

  27. Cody_RR
    June 26th, 2016

    Why i can’t download the pka file?

  28. Mackyboy
    July 10th, 2016

    Hi, Is this included in the exam? the vtp sim

  29. AKBAR TURI
    July 11th, 2016

    salam to all
    I Passed 11 July , 2016 at 18:15 33 score: 941/1000
    i just got lucky 40 questions on my exam
    All question from watson 314Q is still valid
    here’s my lab that i encountered…
    OSFP Tshot – Same
    ACL1 – Same
    ACL2 – Same (mod 4)
    (please be mindful for the IP address that will be given,
    & test the host C if you able to access finance server thur WEB)
    EIGRP troubleshooting answer:
    Q1: The loopback addresses haven’t been advertised, and the network command is missing on R4.
    Q2: The traffic is equally load-balanced over R2 and R3.
    Q3: The K values mismatch.
    Q4: The network statement is missing on R5
    Tips: before to take the exam pray, relax don’t pressure yourself to all LABS
    the secret for real pass4sure is study, all the CCNA topics, watson is one big help
    GOOD LUCK TO ALL…
    & GOD BLESS…
    special thanks to my bro Jamiullah Marwat who gives courage for CCNA
    and
    also thanks to MY Classfellow LOVE KUMAR for motivation
    and thanks to God Almighty

  30. Shina
    July 12th, 2016

    @Akbar turi, wich version of A+vce file /player do you use?

  31. Jilo
    July 17th, 2016

    VTP Lab
    Question 9 – Can you plz correct my thoughts
    When one host will send packet outside subnet, we need to use that Subnet Router
    Hosts are connect on ports 4, 6, 8, 10 which belongs to either VLAN 33, 44

    Furthermore, IP default-gateway in switch is used for management of switch itself

    Thnx in advanced

  32. Anonymous
    July 24th, 2016

    OSFP Tshot – Same
    ACL1 – Same
    ACL2 – Same (mod 4)

    may i know is which question ?

  33. kay
    August 15th, 2016

    Hi guys,

    please I am taking my exams on the 19th, can someone please send me the latest Watson dumps to smithrekiya @ y a h o o dot c o m. will be much appreciated.

  34. Anonymous
    August 17th, 2016

    The “ip default-gateway 192.168.1.254” command is not set on switch, so i can not answer on the question 9

  35. Anonymous
    August 19th, 2016

    Don’t waste time studying for this topic – it is not listed in the exam. Passed today, 19.08.2016.

  36. MAG
    October 29th, 2016

    Is it just me , i cant see the question on this site. I can view the answers in details but it only states Question 1 and thn directly explanation. No ques no choices?

  37. Louise
    January 10th, 2017

    telugu mp3 dvd – myfreemp3.review/search/telugu-mp3-dvd/
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  38. Keith
    March 14th, 2017

    Will I bother learning this for CCNA 200-125? sitting my exam next week.

  39. Anonymous
    March 14th, 2017

    jeff, your link to the dumps is broken, can you provide one that works?

  40. Dana Rasoul Sadik
    March 24th, 2017

    Donaldtump please send me your dump I a have an exam 30/03 please help me to the below mail

    danachorky(@)yahoo(dot)com

    thanks ….

  41. kala
    March 29th, 2017

    please send me latest dumps . i will give exam on 31 march 2017. emaiil me plz {email not allowed}/

  42. Anonymous
    April 3rd, 2017

    i have cleared CCNA 200-125 on 24-March-17….. 182 questions dump is not valid anymore.. I got lucky that I obtained 848 marks, but my friend fails to clear the exam using 182 question dumps..
    i got two labs..1 ACL and another OSPF
    rest 62 questions were very difficult.
    prepare theory properly this is the only way you can clear the exam.. “For Now”
    Best of Luck..

  43. Asad
    April 5th, 2017

    Need latest dumps for exam please shear at mention below email and anyone take the exam recently tell me whats in it … labs specially …
    Email : asadsumm022 @ gmail . com

  44. ahmad
    April 17th, 2017

    need latest dumps for ccna please Emai: ahmad0 @ outlook . com

  45. hellfish
    April 22nd, 2017

    does any one have the questions for this sim ?

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