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EtherChannel Questions

February 6th, 2017 Go to comments

Question 1

Explanation

The way EtherChannel load balancing works is that the switch assigns a hash result from 0-7 based on the configured hash method ( load balancing algorithm ) for the type of traffic. This hash result is commonly called as Result Bundle Hash (RBH).

Now we need to convert Load value from Hexadecimal to Binary numbers. Therefore:
+ Gi1/1: 36 (Hex) = ‭00110110‬ (Bin) -> Bits 3, 4, 6, 7 are chosen
+ Gi1/2: 84 (Hex) = ‭10000100‬ (Bin) -> Bits 1, 6 are chosen
+ Gi1/3: 16 (Hex) = ‭00010110‬ (Bin) -> Bits 4, 6, 7 are chosen

Therefore if the RBH is 3, it will choose Gi1/1. If RBH is 4, it will choose Gi1/1 and Gi1/3 interfaces. If RBH is 6 it will choose all three above interfaces. And the bit sharing ratio is 3:3:2 (from “No of bits” column) hence two links has higher probability of getting utilized as compared to the third link.

Question 2

Question 3

Explanation

All interfaces in an EtherChannel must be configured identically to form an EtherChannel. Specific settings that must be identical include:
+ Speed settings
+ Duplex settings
+ STP settings
+ VLAN membership (for access ports)
+ Native VLAN (for trunk ports)
+ Allowed VLANs (for trunk ports)
+ Trunking Encapsulation (ISL or 802.1Q, for trunk ports)

Question 4

Explanation

LACP is the IEEE Standard (IEEE 802.3ad) and is the most common dynamic Etherchannel protocol, whereas PAgP is a Cisco proprietary protocol and works only between supported vendors and Cisco devices.

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